A directory traversal vulnerability exists in the Web Manager FSBrowsePage functionality of Lantronix PremierWave 2050 18.104.22.168R4. A specially crafted HTTP request can lead to information disclosure. An attacker can make an authenticated HTTP request to trigger this vulnerability.
Lantronix PremierWave 2050 22.214.171.124R4 (in QEMU)
4.3 - CVSS:3.0/AV:N/AC:L/PR:L/UI:N/S:U/C:L/I:N/A:N
CWE-22 - Improper Limitation of a Pathname to a Restricted Directory (‘Path Traversal’)
PremierWave 2050 is an embedded Wi-Fi Module manufactured by Lantronix.
The PremierWave 2050 Web Manager allows an authenticated, but unprivileged, user to browse a subset of the device’s filesystem, rooted at
/ltrx_user/. The system attempts to limit the user from browsing outisde of the
/ltrx_user/ directory by prepending all file paths with
/ltrx_user/. Depending on the functionality being exercised (open file, copy file, move file, etc.) path traversal sanitization will be applied to some of the HTTP parameters prior to their use. One of the features exposed through this interface can be exploited to allow a user to view directory listings for arbitrary directories by means of an unsanitized path traversal vulnerability.
An attacker-controlled HTTP parameter,
dir, can be altered to include path traversal primitives which will not be sanitized before being used to compose the final directory path. By submitting
/../ as the start of the
dir field an authenticated attacker can escape
/ltrx_user/ and navigate the file system from the root directory. It is important to note that the logic which allows a user to view the contents of files requires that the file being viewed must be a child of the
/ltrx_user/ directory, and viewing files outside of this directory results in a
400 Bad Request: unknown file error response. Therefore, this vulnerability is limited to disclosing file and directory names.
The below request will disclose a directory listing of
POST / HTTP/1.1 Host: [IP]:[PORT] Content-Length: 26 Authorization: Basic YnJvd25pZTpwb2ludHM= User-Agent: Mozilla/5.0 (Windows NT 10.0; Win64; x64) AppleWebKit/537.36 (KHTML, like Gecko) Chrome/90.0.4430.212 Safari/537.36 Content-Type: application/x-www-form-urlencoded Accept: */* Accept-Encoding: gzip, deflate Accept-Language: en-US,en;q=0.9 Connection: close ajax=FsBrowsePage&dir=/../etc/
2021-06-14 - Vendor Disclosure
2021-06-15 - Vendor acknowledged
2021-09-01 - Talos granted disclosure extension to 2021-10-15
2021-10-18 - Vendor requested release push to 2nd week of November. Talos confirmed final extension and disclosure date
2021-11-15 - Public Release
Discovered by Matt Wiseman of Cisco Talos.