An integer overflow vulnerability exists in the way ESTsoft Alyac 184.108.40.2064 parses OLE files. A specially-crafted OLE file can lead to a heap buffer overflow, which can result in arbitrary code execution. An attacker can provide a malicious file to trigger this vulnerability.
The versions below were either tested or verified to be vulnerable by Talos or confirmed to be vulnerable by the vendor.
ESTsoft Alyac 220.127.116.114
7.3 - CVSS:3.0/AV:L/AC:L/PR:L/UI:R/S:U/C:H/I:H/A:H
CWE-680 - Integer Overflow to Buffer Overflow
Alyac is an antivirus program for Microsoft Windows, developed by ESTsecurity, which is part of ESTsoft.
When Alyac is scanning an OLE formatted file with signature
D0 CF 11 E0 A1 B1 1A E1, it executes function
sub_180080040 to parse
Number of Mini FAT sectors field in the header.
.text:000000018008005B mov [rsp+1048h+var_28], rax .text:0000000180080063 mov rax, [rcx+OLEParser.file_contents_] ;  .text:0000000180080067 mov rbx, rcx .text:000000018008006A xor r15d, r15d .text:000000018008006D mov ecx, [rax+40h] ;  file base + 40h -> Number of Mini FAT sectors .text:0000000180080070 imul ecx, [rbx+OLEParser.size_] ; Size ;  sector size * number of sectors .text:0000000180080074 cmp rcx, [rbx+OLEParser.file_size_] .text:0000000180080078 jbe short loc_180080083 .text:000000018008007A lea eax, [r15+9] .text:000000018008007E jmp loc_1800801B6
In the beginning of the function, the memory address that stores the contents of the file is copied to
RAX register  and is used to get the value of
Number of Mini FAT sectors, which is at the offset
+40h from the base of the file .
Number of sectors is multiplied by sector size to calculate the size of a heap memory to store contents of sectors . Here, multiplication of two 32-bit unsigned integers is stored to
ECX register, causing integer overflow. This overflowed value is used as size when allocating a new heap memory .
.text:0000000180080083 mov [rsp+1048h+arg_8], rbp .text:000000018008008B mov [rsp+1048h+arg_10], rsi .text:0000000180080093 mov [rsp+1048h+arg_18], rdi .text:000000018008009B mov [rsp+1048h+var_18], r14 .text:00000001800800A3 call j_??2@YAPEAX_K@Z ; operator new(unsigned __int64) ; 
Later in the function, there is a loop that copies each sector to newly allocated heap memory .
.text:0000000180080130 lea rdx, [rsp+1048h+Src] ; Src .text:0000000180080135 mov r8d, r14d ; Size .text:0000000180080138 add rdi, [rbx+OLEParser.minifat_sectors_buf] .text:000000018008013C mov rcx, rdi ; void * .text:000000018008013F call memcpy ; 
However, the allocated buffer is not large enough to store
sector size * number of sectors because the size value has been overflowed to a small number when allocating the memory. Therefore repeated copies of each sector will eventually overflow the allocated heap memory.
Following is the crash stack trace when executing the maliciously-crafted OLE file.
# Child-SP RetAddr Call Site 00 00000031`9eafe048 00007ff9`f17e0144 VCRUNTIME140!memcpy+0x1e3 01 00000031`9eafe050 00007ff9`f17df966 coen!Coen_Clean+0x6c1b4 02 00000031`9eaff0a0 00007ff9`f17d57fa coen!Coen_Clean+0x6b9d6 03 00000031`9eaff0e0 00007ff9`f17791c2 coen!Coen_Clean+0x6186a 04 00000031`9eaff420 00007ff9`f1765795 coen!Coen_Clean+0x5232 05 00000031`9eaff5a0 00007ff9`f1773974 coen+0x5795 06 00000031`9eaff6e0 00007ff7`ed3f116b coen!Coen_ScanPath+0xb4
2022-06-15 - Vendor Disclosure
2022-08-03 - Public Release
2022-08-03 - Vendor Patch Release
Discovered by Jaewon Min of Cisco Talos.